How to File a Personal Injury Lawsuit in Indiana

Get your
Free Consultation
Custy Law Firm | Accident & Injury Lawyers

July 01, 2022

Indiana residents are injured in accidents that are not their fault every day. The causes of these injuries range from car and truck crashes to slip-and-fall accidents and dog bites. These injuries can be extremely painful, both physically and mentally, and they often lead to significant financial losses as well (lost wages, medical bills, etc.).

If you are struggling after being injured in an accident caused by someone else’s wrongdoing, a personal injury lawsuit can help you recover the money you need to take care of yourself. But if you have not been involved in a personal injury case before, you may have some questions about how the process works. This is why the Indiana personal injury attorneys of Custy Law Firm | Accident & Injury Lawyers want to share the steps involved in filing and winning a personal injury case. Keep reading to learn more.

personal injury law

The Steps in an Indiana Personal Injury Case

Most personal injury cases in Indiana never make it to trial, even if the plaintiff files a lawsuit. However, it is still worth going through the steps in a personal injury claim and lawsuit, so you know what you are getting into. The basic steps in an Indiana personal injury case are:

  • Preliminary investigation of the accident – Once you have spoken to a personal injury attorney about your case, they will begin investigating the accident. Your lawyer and their team will be looking for evidence concerning two key elements of your case: Who is liable for your injuries, and what injuries can you be compensated for? They will look at police reports, medical records, photos from the scene of the accident, and other evidence to answer these key questions.
  • Determining liability – Based on the evidence from the initial investigation, your lawyer will have some idea of what parties are responsible for whatever injuries you sustained in the accident. For example, if you were injured in a car accident, the other driver might be primarily responsible for your injuries, but the company that made your car might also be liable because a mechanical defect contributed to the crash. If more than one party is liable for your injuries, you will need to file multiple insurance claims or personal injury lawsuits to recover full compensation for your injuries.
  • Documenting your injuries – To maximize your potential compensation, your attorney will need to thoroughly document all the physical injuries you have suffered, your direct expenses related to the accident, and any emotional distress you have suffered. The more evidence you have of the injuries you have sustained, the more money you are likely to recover.
  • Filing an insurance claim – After your attorney has completed their investigation, the liable parties have been identified, and all your injuries have been documented, the next step is to submit an insurance claim to the liable party’s insurer. This is usually done by submitting a demand letter outlining how the accident happened, why the liable party is responsible for the accident, and what you are seeking in compensation.
  • Settlement negotiations – Once the insurance company has your demand letter, they and your lawyer will begin negotiating a settlement to compensate you for your injuries. Working with an experienced personal injury lawyer can help you fight back against the insurers if they try to deflect blame for your injuries. Your lawyer will work to maximize your potential compensation.
  • The case settles, or you file a lawsuit – If all goes well, your attorney will come back from settlement negotiations with a reasonable offer, at which point you will sign the agreement, and your case is over. But if the insurance company refuses to make a fair offer, you will need to file a lawsuit to force them back to the negotiating table. How do you file a lawsuit in Indiana? You must file the appropriate documentation with the appropriate court. It is possible to file a lawsuit without engaging an attorney, but it is unwise to do so. There are critical deadlines that cannot be missed, and voluminous documentation that needs to be compiled. Your lawyer is your best options when you file a lawsuit.
  • Discovery – If you did not receive a fair settlement offer and have filed a lawsuit, the next step is for both sides to exchange evidence ahead of trial. This process is known as “discovery,” and it can take several months or longer to complete.
  • Mediation – To avoid a costly and prolonged trial, the judge overseeing your case will likely ask both sides to meet with a mediator. By meeting with both sides in a less formal and less contentious setting than a courtroom, the mediator may be able to help you reach a satisfactory compromise so you can receive the money you need.
  • Trial – If you meet with a mediator and still cannot reach an agreement with the insurance company, you will need to take your case to trial. Trials are unpredictable and risky but working with an experienced personal injury attorney can reduce that risk. In any case, once the trial is over, that is essentially the end of your case. Either the judge or jury will award you compensation for your injuries, or they will side with the defendant, and you will not receive any money.

personal injury claim

Contact an Experienced Indiana Personal Injury Attorney Today

The Indiana personal injury lawyers of Custy Law Firm | Accident & Injury Lawyers have seen how accidents can devastate people’s lives, and we want to help recover the money you need to get your life back on track. Call (219) 286-7361 or visit our contact page today for a free initial consultation.

In The News
Sep 22
How to Win at Mediation

Mediation is a form of alternate dispute resolution. Mediation can consist of settlement negotiations facilitated by a neutral third party between an accident victim and the person responsible for the […]

Is Mediation Legally Binding?
Sep 15

A critical issue in an Indiana personal injury case is deciding whether to settle the matter in mediation. Mediation is a guided negotiation process led by a trained mediator to […]

Preparing for Personal Injury Mediation
Sep 08

If you’ve filed a personal injury lawsuit after an accident, you may have been ordered to participate in mediation. Or maybe you heard your Indiana personal injury attorney mention it. […]

How Mediation Works in Personal Injury Cases
Sep 01

You’ve been hit by a car, injured after falling in a grocery store, or hurt by a malfunctioning consumer product. Whatever personal injury case you have, there’s a good chance […]

The Most Common Causes of Car Accidents
Dec 01

While some car accidents may be unavoidable and not any driver’s fault, such as a deer jumping into the road, most car accidents are preventable. There are many reasons or […]


Custy Law Firm has redeemed the reputation lawyers face in the legal field. I’m so grateful for their professionalism, their communication skills as well as their knowledge of the law. […]

- Yolonda M

Brian and his team were extremely helpful to us in resolving our case (related to personal injury from a traffic accident).  Brian listened to what our goals were for the […]

- Saroj S.

As a medical professional, I would like to testify that Mr. Brian Custy is the best attorney I met in Indiana. I trust his knowledge, experience, and professionalism. The firm […]

- Fei L.

From the first visit at Custy Law , I felt completely comfortable that my Auto accident would be taken care of. It was as if a huge weight was lifted […]

- Glenn H.

I am extremely happy with the quality of service and guidance I have received with Custy. His staff are amazing and he is very professional and down to earth. He […]

- Erin C.

Custy Law Firm provides the highest level of professional and ethical services to its clients. Brian Custy and staff are deeply committed to obtaining justice for those harmed by the […]

- Lisa C.

My experience with The Custy Law Firm has been nothing short of fantastic. I knew very little after PA school regarding the reading, understanding, and negotiating of contracts when accepting […]

- Monica B.

We’ve known Brian for a long time and he’s excellent on many levels. He has always focused on learning, achieving his goals, and operating ethically. He’s friendly, hard-working, very professional, […]

- Jenne C.

Brian Custy helped me at a time I needed someone I could trust.  He was attentive, positive, thorough, knowledgeable, and professional in every exchange.

- Judy M.

To some they would think my case as minimal. Custy Law Firm treated me with the most respect and consideration. Thank you CLF.

- William C.

I originally tried to use our legal counsel from my union. I was getting lowball offers, and after I refused to accept their offer, I was fired by my very […]


Since day one i have received the best service that anybody can ask for. Mr. Custy and Melissa have been such caring and trustworthy people. They really make you feel […]

- Joel Marquart

“Mr. Custy is an excellent lawyer that not only takes care of business but actually takes the time to listen to his clients. Mr. Custy cares and that is why […]


I have had the pleasure of working with Attorney Custy for the past two years on two cases at the same time. This has been the hardest thing I have […]


“Brian Custy is a terrific lawyer that takes the time to walk you through the entire process, explaining all of the details that often times get overlooked. His follow-up was […]


“Mr. Custy is a very good lawyer. He goes out of his way to make sure he is doing the best he can for your case. He is always there […]


“ Custy Law Firm | Accident & Injury Lawyers has gone above and beyond while working on my case. I was injured on the job and Brian has given me […]

View All Testimonials
American Association for Justice Logo
Illinois State Bar Association Logo
Academy of Truck Accident Attorneys
National Trial Lawyers top 100 Attorneys Logo
NTL Top 10 for Trucking Litigation
National Institute for Trial Advocacy
Indiana Trial Lawyers Assocation
Trial Lawyer's College Thunderhead Ranch Logo
American Association for Justice Logo
National Association of Distinguished Counsels
American Association for Justice Logo